The Kenya National Bureau of Statistics in conjunction with Statistics Sweden launched a booklet called Women and Men in Kenya. The booklet represents indicators focusing on areas such as population, health, education, employment, domestic violence and Persons with Disabilities (PWDs). It notes that women provide 80 percent of Kenya’s farm labour and manage 40 percent of the country’s smallholder farms, yet they own only roughly 1 percent of agricultural land and receive just 10 percent of available credit.
Life expectancy in the country has gradually been rising for both sexes over the decades, with women tending to live longer than men. In 1969, the average figure stood at 51 years while the same was 47 years for men. Fast forward to 2014, that figure had increased to 62 years for women and 60 years for men. Further, the fertility rate between the years of 1989 and 2014 has seen a drop of almost 30 percent, with the highest fertility rate trends being recorded amongst married couples and those who have not attained any level of education.
In as far as health issues are concerned, non-communicable diseases, which are also reffered to as chronic diseases, are those conditions that are usually not passed on from one affected person to others. Some of the risk factors which are the main causes of these diseases include tobacco use, unhealthy diets, insufficient exercise and alcohol misuse. In Kenya, breast and cervical cancer are the leading cause of cancer deaths in women, and prostate cancer is the top cause of cancer deaths in men.
Overall, the enrolment in all levels of education is higher for men than for women. The report presents a regional analysis of the proportion of children not in primary and secondary school in the country. North Eastern region has the highest rates in this aspect, with an average of 60 percent of children in the region not attending school. Central region recorded the lowest rate with an average of 9 percent.
Disparity in employment between women and men still exists despite some improvement being seen in recent years. For example, in 2016 the formal sector employed 66 percent men or 1,685,000 people and 34 percent women which is 880,000 people. There seems to be a significant proportion of more men than women employed in majority of the sectors, such as the agricultural and the manufacturing sectors. It is only in the service activities that women generally represent a higher percentage of formal employment than men with a representation of 52 percent (66,000) as compared to 48 percent (61,000) of men in 2016. These statistics point to the fact that a majority of women are employed in the informal sector.
The report clearly points out that women aged 15 to 49 years tend to experience domestic abuse at least two thirds more times more than men. In as far as domestic violence is concerned, 57 percent of women who are or have been married experienced physical violence that was perpetrated by their current partner as opposed to 11 percent of men. Sexual violence for the same demographic stood at 56 percent for women, while the same figure was 37 percent for men. Also, men who experience this sort of violence are generally less likely to seek help.
Persons with disabilities (PWD) represent 3.5 percent of the total Kenyan population, with 51 percent of them being male while 49 percent are female. All in all, despite the steps that the government has taken to narrow the gap in gender disparity, there is a lot more that can be done to support gender equity and equality in the country.
Informal Economy Analyst